What Is Macular Degeneration?
Macular degeneration, also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is a medical condition that affects the macula, which is a small, sensitive area in the center of the retina at the back of the eye. The macula is responsible for providing sharp, central vision, allowing us to see fine details and perform tasks like reading and recognizing faces. Macular degeneration can lead to a loss of central vision, making it difficult to perform these tasks. Age is a significant risk factor for AMD, as it usually affects people over 50. Other factors like genetics, smoking, and a diet lacking in certain nutrients can also contribute to its development. There are two main types: dry (atrophic) and wet (exudative) AMD. With the dry type, the macula thins and breaks down slowly over time. It is more common and typically progresses gradually. The wet type involves the growth of abnormal blood vessels under the macula, which can leak blood and fluid, causing rapid vision changes.While there is no cure for macular degeneration, there are treatments available, especially for wet AMD, which can slow down the progression of the disease and sometimes even improve vision. Additionally, lifestyle changes, like quitting smoking and eating a healthy diet, can help reduce the risk. It remains important to get regular eye check-ups, as early detection and intervention can make a big difference in managing the condition and preserving vision. Contact a location near you, in Overland Park or Shawnee Mission, KS, or Belton, MO, to schedule an eye exam and take one step toward maintaining your eye health.
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How Is Macular Degeneration Treated?
Even though macular degeneration cannot be cured, there are treatments available that can slow the progression of and reduce your symptoms. The treatment available to you will depend on the severity of your condition and whether you have wet or dry macular degeneration. Some treatment options include:
- Low-vision aids (such as magnifiers)
- Laser procedures
In some cases, we may suggest combining two or more treatment methods.
Manage Macular Degeneration
At Heart of America Eye Care, we are proud to have helped countless individuals with macular degeneration. Getting this diagnosis can be confusing and a little scary, but we are here with advanced methods to help preserve your eyesight and reduce any frustrating symptoms. For more information on macular degeneration or to schedule an eye exam, contact one of our locations in Shawnee Mission or Overland Park, KS, or Belton, MO.